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Difference between revisions of "Let's chat about stress and... feet"

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{{Original|Series= Russian grammar book, Russian language aerobics|Title= {{BASEPAGENAME}}}}{{Russian book aerobics top}}{{DISPLAYTITLE:Let's chat about stress and... feet ↔ Поговорим об ударах, ударении и... ногах}}__NOTOC__
|OL OL=en: English
 
|Age from  =12
 
|Age to    = 
 
|LP=0
 
|C=PG
 
|Year=
 
|Title OL= Поговорим об ударах, ударении и... ногах
 
|Music by OL=
 
|Made by OL= Наташа Браун
 
|Author OL= Наташа Браун
 
|Genre OL=Прямой
 
|Category OL=Урок
 
|Actor OL=Наташа Браун
 
|Series OL= Книга русской грамматики
 
|Runtime=
 
|SUB=1
 
|VOV=0
 
|Series= Russian grammar book
 
|OL=en: English
 
|Title= Let's chat about stress and... feet
 
|Actor=Natasha Brown
 
|Category=Lesson
 
|Genre=
 
|Author= Natasha Brown
 
|Made by=Natasha Brown
 
|Music by=
 
}}
 
{{Russian book aerobics top}}{{DISPLAYTITLE:Let's chat about stress and... feet ↔ Поговорим об ударах, ударении и... ногах}}
 
  
{| width="100%" border=0  valign=top  style = "vertical-align:top background: transparent; "
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{{t2v|{{yt|7r73YsE78Js|Exercises with the arms and legs<br>Упражнения с руками и ногами}}
|align=left style="vertical-align:top"|__TOC__
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=== Attention ↔ Внимание ===
| valign="top" align="left" style="border: 1px solid green; background-color: #f9f9f9; padding: 1em;"|
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<poem>
== Exercises with the arms and legs Упражнения с руками и ногами ==
 
'''Учительница:''' It is time to work out with your legs.
 
  
'''Ученик:''' I suppose I am going to have to pick up an object with my feet now?
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''Это нога́ и это нога́, а это но́ги.
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*The stress has moved back one syllable.
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*The vowel ''o'' undergoes changes in pronunciation as a result
  
'''Учительница:''' Well, not exactly. You are going to have to pick up that word for feet: the word for both feet and '''''legs''''' in Russian is '''''но́ги'''''. Your socks will do as an object. Anyway it is mostly going to be everyday kinds of activities like standing, walking and not to forget, talking. Follow our Russian video '''''Русские падежи, урок 2''''' so you don't get lost and don't rush. More haste less speed. Don't waste your time learning things about Russian, learn Russian instead.
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<big>'''The stress is an accent placed on a certain vowel</big>
 
 
'''Ученик:''' It is you who always wants to go into explanations. Not me.
 
{|
 
|[[Image:nominative.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Nominative case]]<poem >'''NOM </poem>
 
|[[Image:Genitive.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Genitive case]]<poem >'''GEN </poem>
 
|[[Image:Dative.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Dative case]]<poem >'''DAT </poem>
 
|[[Image:Accusative.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Accusative case]]<poem >'''ACC </poem>
 
|[[Image:Instrumental.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Instrumental case]]<poem >'''INSTR </poem>
 
|[[Image:Prepositional.jpg|left|border|90px|link=Russian cases - Nouns - Prepositional case]]<poem >'''PREP </poem>
 
|}
 
|{{yt|7r73YsE78Js}}
 
|}
 
 
 
== Attention ↔ Внимание ==
 
{{Pink|'''''Это нога́ и это нога́, а это но́ги.
 
 
 
The stress has moved back one syllable.
 
The vowel '''''o''''' undergoes changes in pronunciation as a result
 
 
 
'''The stress is an accent placed on a certain vowel
 
 
 
|'''Stressed vowel is pronounced
 
  
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Stressed vowel is pronounced
 
*more energetically
 
*more energetically
 
*louder  
 
*louder  
 
*a bit longer than any other vowels in that word
 
*a bit longer than any other vowels in that word
|'''Unstressed vowels are pronounced
 
  
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Unstressed vowels are pronounced
 
*less energetically  
 
*less energetically  
 
*a bit shorter  
 
*a bit shorter  
 
*lose their clarity  
 
*lose their clarity  
|'''Not all vowels undergo changes in pronunciation as a result of the position of the stress in the word'''
 
<poem>
 
'''''Ы, И, У, Ю, Ё''''' - Don't undergo qualitative phonetic change.
 
They have basically the same sound, regardless of the stress.
 
  
'''''А, Е, О, Э, Я''''' - Undergo qualitative changes in pronunciation.
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''Ы, И, У, Ю, Ё - Don't undergo qualitative phonetic change ''
They have different sounds when the stress in the word moves.
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They have basically the same sound, regardless of the stress
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''А, Е, О, Э, Я - Undergo qualitative changes in pronunciation ''
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They have different sounds when the stress in the word moves  
 
</poem>
 
</poem>
}}
 
  
==Where the stress is in a Russian word ↔ Где стоит ударение в русском слове==
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{{links|[[wikipedia:Vowel reduction in Russian]] • [[wikipedia:Stress (linguistics)]] • [[wikipedia:ru:Ударение]] • [[wikipedia:Russian phonology]] • [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:IPA for Russian]] • http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t{{=}}564748}}
{| width="100%"
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|'''Учительница:''' It is time to work out with your legs.
| valign="top" align="left" style="border: 1px solid green; background-color: #f9f9f9; padding: 1em;"|
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'''Учительница:''' '''''Это нога́...'''''  
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'''Ученик:''' I suppose I am going to have to pick up an object with my feet now?
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'''Учительница:''' Well, not exactly. You are going to have to pick up that word for feet: the word for both feet and ''legs'' in Russian is ''но́ги''. Your socks will do as an object. Anyway it is mostly going to be everyday kinds of activities like standing, walking and not to forget, talking. Follow our Russian video ''Русские падежи, урок 2'' so you don't get lost and don't rush. More haste less speed. Don't waste your time learning things about Russian, learn Russian instead.  
 +
 
 +
'''Ученик:''' It is you who always wants to go into explanations. Not me.  
 +
 
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'''Учительница:''' ''Это нога́...''  
  
'''Ученик:''' '''''Нога́?''''' It is '''''o''''', but Masha pronounced it more like '''''u''''' in '''''up'''''.  
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'''Ученик:''' ''Нога́?'' It is ''o'', but Masha pronounced it more like ''u'' in ''up''.  
  
'''Учительница:''' Correct. That is the way it should be pronounced, but try comparing its pronunciation with the first '''''o''''' in the English word '''''comfort'''''. In thе word '''''нога́''''' the stress falls on the last '''''а́'''''.  
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'''Учительница:''' Correct. That is the way it should be pronounced, but try comparing its pronunciation with the first ''o'' in the English word ''comfort''. In thе word ''нога́'' the stress falls on the last ''а́''.  
  
 
'''Ученик:''' What is this word stress?  
 
'''Ученик:''' What is this word stress?  
  
'''Учительница:''' Compare the way you pronounce words '''''present''''' and '''''desert''''' in these sentences:  
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'''Учительница:''' Compare the way you pronounce words ''present'' and ''desert'' in these sentences:  
  
*'''''I presе́nt you with a prе́sent.'''''  
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*''I presе́nt you with a prе́sent.''  
*'''''We desе́rt a dе́sert.'''''
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*''We desе́rt a dе́sert.''
  
The different meanings of these words are achieved by changing the position of the stress from first '''''e''''' to the last '''''e''''' within the words '''''present''''' and '''''desert''.  
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The different meanings of these words are achieved by changing the position of the stress from first ''e'' to the last ''e'' within the words ''present'' and ''desert''.  
  
The stress is as important in Russian as the length of a certain vowels in English, compare: '''''beet''''' and '''''bit'''''; '''''peak''''' and '''''pick'''''; '''''pot''''' and '''''port'''''; '''''shot''''' and '''''short'''''. In contrast to English, the length of a vowel in Russian has no role to play: '''''ногa, но-o-o-oгa-a-а, pука, pу-у-у-укa-a-а,''''' — are the same words in Russian.  
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The stress is as important in Russian as the length of a certain vowels in English, compare: ''beet'' and ''bit''; ''peak'' and ''pick''; ''pot'' and ''port''; ''shot'' and ''short''. In contrast to English, the length of a vowel in Russian has no role to play: ''ногa, но-o-o-oгa-a-а, pука, pу-у-у-укa-a-а,'' — are the same words in Russian.  
  
The stress in Russian is even more important than the length of a vowel in English: in the case of any misunderstanding it may bring confusion not to the individual word, but the whole sentence. '''''Это нога́ и это нога́, а это но́ги.'''''  
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The stress in Russian is even more important than the length of a vowel in English: in the case of any misunderstanding it may bring confusion not to the individual word, but the whole sentence. ''Это нога́ и это нога́, а это но́ги.''  
  
'''Ученик:''' '''''Но́ги.''''' Why?  
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'''Ученик:''' ''Но́ги.'' Why?  
  
'''Учительница:''' The root of the word '''''[[wikipedia:wiktionary:ru:нога|нога́]]''''' is '''''ног''''', its ending is '''''a''''': it shows that this noun belongs to the [[Russian grammar - Nouns - Feminine gender ↔ Русская грамматика - Имя существительное - Женский род|feminine gender]] and is singular. In the English word '''''leg''''' there is no gender ending, because of the absence of genders in modern English.  
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'''Учительница:''' The root of the word ''[[wikipedia:wiktionary:ru:нога|нога́]]'' is ''ног'', its ending is ''a'': it shows that this noun belongs to the [[Russian grammar - Nouns - Feminine gender ↔ Русская грамматика - Имя существительное - Женский род|feminine gender]] and is singular. In the English word ''leg'' there is no gender ending, because of the absence of genders in modern English.  
*The ending of the word '''''но́ги''''' is '''''и''.  
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*The ending of the word ''но́ги'' is ''и''.  
 
*It shows that this noun isn't singular, but [[Russian grammar - Nouns - Plural ↔ Русская грамматика - Имя существительное - Множественное число|plural]].  
 
*It shows that this noun isn't singular, but [[Russian grammar - Nouns - Plural ↔ Русская грамматика - Имя существительное - Множественное число|plural]].  
*In the English word '''''legs''''' the '''''s''''' ending shows that it is plural.
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*In the English word ''legs'' the ''s'' ending shows that it is plural.
  
'''Ученик:''' I can understand so far. But now in '''''но́ги''''' it is '''''o''''' for '''''nor'''''.  
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'''Ученик:''' I can understand so far. But now in ''но́ги'' it is ''o'' for ''nor''.  
  
'''Учительница:''' The stress has moved back one syllable and the vowel '''''o''''' undergoes changes in pronunciation as a result.  
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'''Учительница:''' The stress has moved back one syllable and the vowel ''o'' undergoes changes in pronunciation as a result.  
  
'''Ученик:''' When Maya said '''''на другой ноге''''' she pronounced '''''o''''' more like '''''u''''' in '''''up''''' again!
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'''Ученик:''' When Maya said ''на другой ноге'' she pronounced ''o'' more like ''u'' in ''up'' again!
  
'''Учительница:''' Now it is the word '''''ноге́''''', [[Russian cases - Nouns - Prepositional case|prepositional singular]] for '''''нога́''''' That is why '''''o''''' is unstressed and pronounced as the first '''''u''''' in '''''up'''''.
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'''Учительница:''' Now it is the word ''ноге́'', [[Russian cases - Nouns - Prepositional case|prepositional singular]] for ''нога́'' That is why ''o'' is unstressed and pronounced as the first ''u'' in ''up''.
  
| valign="top" align="left" style="border: 1px solid green; background-color: #f9f9f9; padding: 1em;"|
 
 
'''Ученик:''' How do I know where the stress should be?  
 
'''Ученик:''' How do I know where the stress should be?  
  
 
'''Учительница:''' I am sorry to tell you that you won't immediately, you will discover it only through trial and error, in other words, practice.   
 
'''Учительница:''' I am sorry to tell you that you won't immediately, you will discover it only through trial and error, in other words, practice.   
  
Russians themselves are not always sure that they are placing the stress correctly, particularly on foreign words which came into Russian not so long ago. In some foreign words, it is even considered correct to pronounce the unstressed '''''o''''' the same way as the stressed one: '''''радио (radio), оазис (oasis)'''''.  
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Russians themselves are not always sure that they are placing the stress correctly, particularly on foreign words which came into Russian not so long ago. In some foreign words, it is even considered correct to pronounce the unstressed ''o'' the same way as the stressed one: ''радио (radio), оазис (oasis)''.  
  
 
Whole books are written about this subject by Russians and for Russians. Nationwide TV discussions and seminars are held on this theme year after year. The correct (accepted, right) stress is a distinct mark of an education in Russia. The law of Russian society says that the first thing any educated person must know, is how to apply stress correctly. Russians laugh at those who apply stress incorrectly and they can also dislike someone just because the person doesn't place it correctly.  
 
Whole books are written about this subject by Russians and for Russians. Nationwide TV discussions and seminars are held on this theme year after year. The correct (accepted, right) stress is a distinct mark of an education in Russia. The law of Russian society says that the first thing any educated person must know, is how to apply stress correctly. Russians laugh at those who apply stress incorrectly and they can also dislike someone just because the person doesn't place it correctly.  
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If it is any relief to you, let me tell you that Russians have jokes about the way all their leaders spoke. Those who made them about Stalin and Beria have done time for it, under Khrushchev and Brezhnev it was not such a serious offence. Even Gorbachev’s southern accent was the subject of jokes.  
 
If it is any relief to you, let me tell you that Russians have jokes about the way all their leaders spoke. Those who made them about Stalin and Beria have done time for it, under Khrushchev and Brezhnev it was not such a serious offence. Even Gorbachev’s southern accent was the subject of jokes.  
  
'''Ученик:''' All right, so I have no chance to know where the stress should be. The stress is very important and in the case of the word '''''нога́''''' it moves back one syllable '''''но́ги''''' sometimes and sometimes it doesn't move, like in the word '''''ноге́''''' ([[Russian cases - Nouns - Dative case ↔ Русские падежи - Имя существительное - Дательный падеж|dative]] or [[Russian cases - Nouns - Prepositional case|prepositional]] case). Oh.  
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'''Ученик:''' All right, so I have no chance to know where the stress should be. The stress is very important and in the case of the word ''нога́'' it moves back one syllable ''но́ги'' sometimes and sometimes it doesn't move, like in the word ''ноге́'' ([[Russian cases - Nouns - Dative case ↔ Русские падежи - Имя существительное - Дательный падеж|dative]] or [[Russian cases - Nouns - Prepositional case|prepositional]] case). Oh.  
  
When I was doing the exercises with my hands, the stress moved as well but then the sound '''''у''''' in '''''pука́''''' did not change as much as the sound '''''o''''' in '''''нога́'''''.
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When I was doing the exercises with my hands, the stress moved as well but then the sound ''у'' in ''pука́'' did not change as much as the sound ''o'' in ''нога́''.
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'''Ученик:''' Is there any vowel which is always pronounced the same?
  
<span style="color: green;">Ученик: </span> Is there any vowel which is always pronounced the same?
 
  
'''Учительница:''' The letter '''''ё''''' is always stressed and always pronounced the same. But unfortunately it is usually written '''''e''''' except in dictionaries, other clever books and Wikipedia, because strictly speaking it isn't considered to be a separate letter of the Russian alphabet.  
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'''Учительница:''' The letter ''ё'' is always stressed and always pronounced the same. But unfortunately it is usually written ''e'' except in dictionaries, other clever books and Wikipedia, because strictly speaking it isn't considered to be a separate letter of the Russian alphabet.  
  
 
'''Ученик:''' It isn't much of a help, is it?  
 
'''Ученик:''' It isn't much of a help, is it?  
  
 
'''Учительница:''' I did my best to make a table for you that makes some sense. Read [[Stress and Russian vowels]].  
 
'''Учительница:''' I did my best to make a table for you that makes some sense. Read [[Stress and Russian vowels]].  
 
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}}
<poem style=" font-size:90%; text-align:center; background:Seashell;  border:2px solid rgb(33,40,10);"> • [[wikipedia:Vowel reduction in Russian]] • [[wikipedia:Stress (linguistics)]] • [[wikipedia:ru:Ударение]] • [[wikipedia:Russian phonology]] • [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:IPA for Russian]] • http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=564748 • </poem>
 
|}
 
  
 
{{ru: Russian}}
 
{{ru: Russian}}

Revision as of 17:08, 1 October 2011

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