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Ударение и русские гласные

  1. Акулёнок (Baby Shark)
  2. Алфавит "Машины" (Car alphabet)
  3. Африканские животные 1 (African animals 1)
  4. Весёлая семья (A merry family)
  5. Домашнее хозяйство 1 (Household 1)
  6. Книга русской грамматики (Russian grammar book)
  7. Русские буквы (Russian letters, FAST 1-01)
  8. Русский алфавит (Russian alphabet)
  9. Ударение и русские гласные (Stress and Russian vowels)
  10. Цветa 1 (Colours 1)
  11. Цвета 2 (Colours 2)
  12. Числа 1-10 (Numbers 1-10)
  13. Что это? 1 (What is it? 1)

The stress is an accent placed on a certain vowel. A stressed vowel is pronounced more energetically, louder a bit longer than any other vowels in that word. Unstressed vowels are pronounced less energetically, a bit shorter and they lose their clarity. Unstressed vowels may even undergo qualitative phonetic change. They may sound different. Play а́ - я́ о́ - ё э́ - е́ у́ - ю́ ы́ - и́

  • The vowels Play ы, и, у, ю, ё don't change.
  • The vowels Play а, е, о, э, я change and sound different when the accent changes its position in a Russian word from one vowel to another.
  • -его and -ого is pronounced as ево and ово - Only in the endings of the pronouns and the adjectives in the Genitive and the Accusative cases!


Are you familiar with the peculiarities of pronunciation of sounds in Russian? Have you heard that depending on the stress, letters can be pronounced differently? Did you know that in place of the letter Я, we pronounce the sound [И]? Hello, everyone! That is Russian in 7 Minutes with Novamova My name is Lyudmila Today we will start to get acquainted with Russian phonetics in detail. The Russian alphabet has 33 letters 10 vowels, 21 (one) consonants and 2 letters do not denote sounds, these arre Ъ (hard sign) and Ь (soft sign). Today's theme will address the phonetic rules for three vowels: О, Е, Я In each word, in which there is at least one vowel, there is an accent. It's a direct influence on the phonetic organization of a particular word. For example, I'm sure that most of you have seen or heard "хорошо́" somewhere In that word, we have three letter "O's," but we pronounce it (ha-ra-sho) Why? Let's figure it out. Хо-ро-шо, has, as we see, three syllables, one should be the accent, and that's the third, last syllable. That's where the rule comes from: if the letter "O" in the word is stressed, it's pronounced "o." and if it is not stressed, it'll make the sound "a." I suggest we practice stressed and unstressed "O's" I'll say, and you try to repeat: «мно́го», «восто́к», «ко́мната», «зо́лото», «пода́рок», «коро́ткий», «норма́льно», «холо́дная пого́да». Okay, so rule number one: the letter "o" with an accent is pronounced "o" without an accent "a" Of course, you'll ask, how to know where the accent is? Good news: there's no rule in Russian for that In textbooks for beginners and sometimes basic levels, the accent is marked. But then it becomes superfluous because with language practice, a person automatically remembers accents of frequently used words Let's continue. Let's see how the word "phone" is spelled, and now let's hear how it is pronounced "tee-lee-phon." We'll take another example: we spell "derevo," we pronounce "deriva." In both words, we have three syllables. In the first "телефо́н," the last syllable is stressed, which means the "o" stays "o." The first two vowels "e" had no accent, but we don't hear the "e" sound, but the sound "и" in both syllables - «ти-ли-фон». It's not hard to infer a second rule: the vowel "e" without an accent is pronounced "ee" The second example "де́рево" The first syllable is stressed Let's hear one more time, how this word "де-ри-ва" is pronounced. We can hear the "e" in the stressed syllable in the second "и," in the last "a." It turns out that the vowel "e" when stressed is pronounced as an "e" And so, rule number 2: the stressed "e" remains an "e" the unstressed one turns into "и" Let's practice. just like with the first rule: «весна́», «о́сень», «семья́», «телеви́зор», «нельзя́», «ве́чером», «апельси́н», «ме́дленно». Finally we have arrived at the third rule We see the word "месяц", we hear "ме-сиц" We see "яблоко", we hear "я-бла-ка" The unstressed "я", just like the unstressed "e" is pronounced "и". In the word "ме́сяц", instead of the letter "я" we say and hear the sound "и! because the second syllable is unstressed "ме-сиц" But in the word "яблоко" we can clearly hear the sound "я", because the stress falls on the first syllable. Rule number 3: The stressed "я" remains "я", the unstressed one becomes "и". Let's practice. «лягу́шка», «мя́со», «рядово́й», «вы́яснить», «мяч», «ледяна́я вода́», «русский язык». We considered some basic phonetic peculiarities, namely, stressed and unstressed vowels O, E, I. For the remaining the vowels, stress doesn't play a big role. In our next video, we'll find out, why some consonants are pronounced differently. I hope this video was useful; if you liked it and learned something new subscribe to our channel. And what are the difficulties you are having with pronunciation? What are you struggling with? Write me in the comments, and I'll be sure to answer you.

Не имеет значения в каком порядке буквы в слове.jpg

Play По результатам исследований одного английского университета, не имеет значения в каком порядке расположены буквы в слове. Главное, чтобы первая и последняя буквы были на месте. Остальные буквы могут следовать в полном беспорядке, все равно текст читается без проблем. Причиной этого является то, что мы не читаем каждую букву по отдельности, а всё слово целиком. Вывод: Представьте, что учите китайский, а все русские слова - иероглифы, так не и будете окать.

According to a research from an English university, it does not matter in what order the letters in a word are located. The most important thing is that the first and the last letters of the word are in the right place. The rest of the letters can be in a state of disarray. One can still read the text without problems. The reason for this is that we do not read each letter individually but the word as a whole. Conclusion: Imagine that you learn Chinese and all the Russian words are hieroglyphs. This way you will not pronounce "o" every time you see it.

Animated boy.gif
Play Одна́ и одна́ нога́ э́то но́ги, э́то две́ ноги́.


Play Одна́ и одна́ рука́ э́то ру́ки, э́то две́ руки́.

Ученик: I remember from exercises with hands that if the stress falls on у́ in the word pу́ки then it is nominative plural but if it falls on и́ - pуки́ then it is genitive singular. What about но́ги? Where the correct stress is?

Учительница: A very good question. The same rule applies for но́ги:

  • The stress falls on o in the word но́ги - nominative plural for нога́, that is why o is stressed and pronounced like the o in nor.
  • The stress falls on и in the word ноги́ - genitive singular for нога́, that is why o is unstressed and pronounced like the u in up.

Read lesson Let's chat about stress and... feet.

Ученик: I read it! You wrote that there is no rule to determine where the stress is in a Russian word!

Учительница: It is so.

You'll have to learn the same way as a child learns. Watch the video. Maya pronounces the word уша́м correctly on the first one and incorrectly у́шам on the second one:



Я мешаю глазам смотреть. Я мешаю носу дышать. Я мешаю ушам слушать. Я мешаю рту говорить. I don't let my eyes see (look). I don't let my nose breathe. I don't let my ears hear. I don't let my mouth speak.

Ученик: I won't be able to learn stresses!

Учительница: Don't worry, you will learn! Notice the way Ania sings "a"'s instead of "o"'s in "Голова и плечи, и коленки, и носочки" and try to sing the song with her. Sing Russian songs and learn few by heart. Make Russian vocology exercises.

Ученик: I don't want to learn that much by heart! Is there any other way to know how to pronounce Russian words?

Учительница: I have made a table for you. Listen and see how the stress position influences the pronunciation of the vowels in the table on this page. You can do it!

Ученик: Alright, so if I see the word written and somehow I know where the stress should be, with the help of this table, I will be able to pronounce the word correctly, is that so?

Учительница: Yes it is. Russian vowels change the way they sound. The vowels а, о, д, э and я do this a lot. When stressed, they behave normally and are pronounced in the usual way, but when they're in an unstressed position, they go through a process called vowel reduction. Notice that letter и is pronounced as ы after ж, ц, ш.

2nd before stress
1st before stress
Under stress
After stress
After stress
Play Words


Сло-
ва́
-
-
Cлова́
Play Words
ба-
ра-
ба́н
-
-
бараба́н
drum
мо-
ло-
ко́
-
-
молоко́
milk
-
-
о́-
ко-
ло
о́коло
around
-
-
до́к-
тор
-
до́ктор
doctor
-
ок-
но́
-
-
окно́
window
о-
зе-
ро́
-
-
озеро́
lake
-
-
Ло́н-
дон
-
Ло́ндон
London
-
Мос-
ква́
-
-
Москва́
Moscow
шо-
ко-
ла́д
-
-
шокола́д
chocolate
кро-
ко-
ди́л
-
-
крокоди́л
crocodile
-
спа-
си́-
бо
-
спаси́бо
Thank you
те-
ле-
ви́-
зор
-
телеви́зор
TV
-
эк-
ра́н
-
-
экра́н
screen
хо-
ро-
шо́
-
-
хорошо́
good
-
-
пло́-
хо
-
пло́хо
bad
-
-
сло́-
во
-
сло́во
word



2nd before stress
1st before stress
Under stress
After stress
а
e in pen
u in up
a in ask
e in pen
о
e in pen
u in up
o in nor
e in pen
э
e in pen
e in pen
eh in Eh!
e in pen
e
e in pen
ee in feet
ye in yet
e in pen
я
e in pen
ee in feet
ya in soya
e in pen
и
ee in feet
ee in feet
ee in feet
ee in feet
ы
i in it
i in it
i in it
i in it
у
oo in book
oo in book
oo in book
oo in book
ю
you in you
you in you
you in you
you in you
ё
yo in York
yo in York
yo in York
yo in York


Andrey Zaliznyak's stress patterns of Russian nouns’

The stress falls on:

Pattern number 1 2 3 4 5 6
in singular on stem on ending on stem on ending on stem on ending
in nominative plural on stem on ending on ending on stem on stem on stem
in genitive, dative, instrumental, prepositional plural on stem on ending on ending on stem on ending on ending
Example мотор вещество слой земля корень полоса