Persian Alphabet

http://w-t.me/Russian-PersianAlphabet


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Below are the 32 letters of the modern Persian alphabet. Since the script is cursive, the appearance of a letter changes depending on its position: isolated, initial (joined on the left), medial (joined on both sides), and final (joined on the right) of a word.

The names of the letter are mostly the ones used in Arabic, except for the Persian pronunciation. The only ambiguous name is he, which is used for both Template:Lang and Template:Lang. For clarification, these are often called ḥe-ye jimi (literally "jim-like ḥe" after jim, the name for the letter Template:Lang that uses the same base form) and he-ye do-češm (literally "two-eyed he", after the contextual middle letterform Template:Lang), respectively.

Name
DIN 31635
IPA
Contextual forms
Final
Medial
Initial
Isolated
ʾalef
ā / ʾ
[ɒ], [ʔ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang / Template:Lang
be
b
[b]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
pe
p
[p]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
te
t
[t]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
s̱e

[s]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
jim
j
[d͡ʒ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
che
č
[t͡ʃ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ḥe(-ye jimi)

[h]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
khe
x
[x]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
dāl
d
[d]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ẕāl

[z]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
re
r
[ɾ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ze
z
[z]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
že
ž
[ʒ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
sin
s
[s]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
šin
š
[ʃ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ṣād

[s]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
z̤ād

[z]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ṭā

[t]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ẓā

[z]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ʿeyn
ʿ
[ʔ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ġeyn
ġ
[ɣ] / [ɢ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
fe
f
[f]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
qāf
q
[ɢ] / [ɣ] / [q] (in some dialects)
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
kāf
k
[k]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
gāf
g
[ɡ]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
lām
l
[l]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
mim
m
[m]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
nun
n
[n]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
vāv
v / ū / ow
[v] / [uː] / [o] / [ow] / [oː] (in Dari)
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
he(-ye do-češm)
h
[h]
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
ye
y / ī / á
[j] / [i] / [ɒː] / [eː] (in Dari)
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang
Template:Lang