Thai Alphabet

http://w-t.me/Russian-ThaiAlphabet


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The Thai alphabet is derived from the Old Khmer script (Thai: อักขระเขมร, akkhara khamen), which is a southern Brahmic style of writing derived from Pallava (Thai: ปัลลวะ, pallawa).
{| class="wikitable" style="width:60%; background: #eff3f8; text-align: center"
|-valign="top"
! rowspan="2" | Symbol
! colspan="3" | Name
! colspan="2" | Royal Thai
! colspan="2" | IPA
! rowspan="2" | Class
|-
! Thai || RTGS || Meaning || Initial || Final || Initial || Final
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ก || style="text-align: left" | ก ไก่ || style="text-align: left" | ko kai || style="text-align: left" | chicken || k || k || [k] || [k̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ข || style="text-align: left" | ข ไข่ || style="text-align: left" | kho khai || style="text-align: left" | egg || kh || k || [kʰ] || [k̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฃ || style="text-align: left" | ฃ ขวด || style="text-align: left" | kho khuat || style="text-align: left" | bottle (obsolete) || kh || k || [kʰ] || [k̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ค || style="text-align: left" | ค ควาย || style="text-align: left" | kho khwai || style="text-align: left" | water buffalo || kh || k || [kʰ] || [k̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฅ || style="text-align: left" | ฅ คน || style="text-align: left" | kho khon || style="text-align: left" | person (obsolete) || kh || k || [kʰ] || [k̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฆ || style="text-align: left" | ฆ ระฆัง ||style="text-align: left" | kho ra-khang || style="text-align: left" | bell || kh || k || [kʰ] || [k̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ง || style="text-align: left" | ง งู || style="text-align: left" | ngo ngu || style="text-align: left" | snake || ng || ng || [ŋ] || [ŋ] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | จ || style="text-align: left" | จ จาน || style="text-align: left" | cho chan || style="text-align: left" | plate || ch || t || [tɕ] || [t̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฉ || style="text-align: left" | ฉ ฉิ่ง || style="text-align: left" | cho ching || style="text-align: left" | cymbals || ch || – || [tɕʰ] || || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ช || style="text-align: left" | ช ช้าง || style="text-align: left" | cho chang || style="text-align: left" | elephant || ch || t || [tɕʰ] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ซ || style="text-align: left" | ซ โซ่ || style="text-align: left" | so so || style="text-align: left" | chain || s || t || [s] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฌ || style="text-align: left" | ฌ เฌอ || style="text-align: left" | cho choe || style="text-align: left" | tree || ch || – || [tɕʰ] || || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ญ || style="text-align: left" | ญ หญิง || style="text-align: left" | yo ying || style="text-align: left" | woman || y || n || [j] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฎ || style="text-align: left" | ฎ ชฎา || style="text-align: left" | do cha-da || style="text-align: left" | headdress || d || t || [d] || [t̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฏ || style="text-align: left" | ฏ ปฏัก || style="text-align: left" | to pa-tak || style="text-align: left" | goad, javelin || t || t || [t] || [t̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฐ || style="text-align: left" | ฐ ฐาน || style="text-align: left" | tho than || style="text-align: left" | pedestal || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฑ || style="text-align: left" | ฑ มณโฑ || style="text-align: left" | tho montho || style="text-align: left" | Montho, character from Ramayana || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฒ || style="text-align: left" | ฒ ผู้เฒ่า || style="text-align: left" | tho phu-thao || style="text-align: left" | elder || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ณ || style="text-align: left" | ณ เณร || style="text-align: left" | no nen || style="text-align: left" | samanera || n || n || [n] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ด || style="text-align: left" | ด เด็ก || style="text-align: left" | do dek || style="text-align: left" | child || d || t || [d] || [t̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ต || style="text-align: left" | ต เต่า || style="text-align: left" | to tao || style="text-align: left" | turtle || t || t || [t] || [t̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ถ || style="text-align: left" | ถ ถุง || style="text-align: left" | tho thung || style="text-align: left" | sack || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ท || style="text-align: left" | ท ทหาร || style="text-align: left" | tho thahan || style="text-align: left" | soldier || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ธ || style="text-align: left" | ธ ธง || style="text-align: left" | tho thong || style="text-align: left" | flag || th || t || [tʰ] || [t̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | น || style="text-align: left" | น หนู || style="text-align: left" | no nu || style="text-align: left" | mouse || n || n || [n] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | บ || style="text-align: left" | บ ใบไม้ || style="text-align: left" | bo baimai || style="text-align: left" | leaf || b || p || [b] || [p̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ป || style="text-align: left" | ป ปลา || style="text-align: left" | po pla || style="text-align: left" | fish || p || p || [p] || [p̚] || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ผ || style="text-align: left" | ผ ผึ้ง || style="text-align: left" | pho phueng || style="text-align: left" | bee || ph || – || [pʰ] || || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฝ || style="text-align: left" | ฝ ฝา || style="text-align: left" | fo fa || style="text-align: left" | lid || f || – || [f] || || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | พ || style="text-align: left" | พ พาน || style="text-align: left" | pho phan || style="text-align: left" | Phan || ph || p || [pʰ] || [p̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฟ || style="text-align: left" | ฟ ฟัน || style="text-align: left" | fo fan || style="text-align: left" | teeth || f || p || [f] || [p̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ภ || style="text-align: left" | ภ สำเภา || style="text-align: left" | pho sam-phao || style="text-align: left" | sailboat || ph || p || [pʰ] || [p̚] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ม || style="text-align: left" | ม ม้า || style="text-align: left" | mo ma || style="text-align: left" | horse || m || |m || [m] || [m] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ย || style="text-align: left" | ย ยักษ์ || style="text-align: left" | yo yak || style="text-align: left" | giant, yaksha || y || y || [j] || [j] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ร || style="text-align: left" | ร เรือ || style="text-align: left" | ro ruea || style="text-align: left" | boat || r || n || [r] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ล || style="text-align: left" | ล ลิง || style="text-align: left" | lo ling || style="text-align: left" | monkey || l || n || [l] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ว || style="text-align: left" | ว แหวน || style="text-align: left" | wo waen || style="text-align: left" | ring || w || w || [w] || [w] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ศ || style="text-align: left" | ศ ศาลา || style="text-align: left" | so sala || style="text-align: left" | pavilion Sala || s || t || [s] || [t̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ษ || style="text-align: left" | ษ ฤๅษี || style="text-align: left" | so rue-si || style="text-align: left" | hermit || s || t || [s] || [t̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ส || style="text-align: left" | ส เสือ || style="text-align: left" | so suea || style="text-align: left" | tiger || s || t || [s] || [t̚] || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ห || style="text-align: left" | ห หีบ || style="text-align: left" | ho hip || style="text-align: left" | box || h || |– || [h] || || high
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฬ || style="text-align: left" | ฬ จุฬา || style="text-align: left" | lo chu-la || style="text-align: left" | kite || l || |n || [l] || [n] || low
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | อ || style="text-align: left" | อ อ่าง || style="text-align: left" | o ang || style="text-align: left" | basin || * || – || [ʔ] || || mid
|-
|style="font-size: 150%" | ฮ || style="text-align: left" | ฮ นกฮูก || style="text-align: left" | ho nok-huk || style="text-align: left" | owl || h || – || [h] || || low
|}

* อ is a special case in that at the beginning of a word it is used as a silent initial for syllables that start with a vowel (all vowels are written relative to a consonant — see below). The same symbol is used as a vowel in non-initial position.