Category

Russian genitive case for measures and quantities

Russian declension of nouns involves 6 cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional, in two numbers singular and plural (some Russian nouns are always plural or always singular), and absolutely obeying 3 grammatical genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Russian nouns are either animate or inanimate. Russian adjectives, pronouns and numerals decline too; they agree with nouns in gender, number and case.


Russian genitive case is used to express a part of something, a few objects

1 палец, 2-4 пальца, 5-10 пальцев

1, 21, 121, 1121... палец, час, кубик, собака, яблоко 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 122, 123, 124, 1122, 1123, 1124... пальца, часа, кубика, собаки, яблока 5-20, 25-30, 125-130, 1125-1130... пальцев, часов, кубиков, собак, яблок

  • Nominative singular is only used for 1, 21, 31...
  • Genitive singular is used for 2-4, 22-24, 32-34...
  • Genitive plural is used for 5-20, 25-30, 35-40...