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Russian adjectives

Russian declension of nouns involves 6 cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional, in two numbers singular and plural (some Russian nouns are always plural or always singular), and absolutely obeying 3 grammatical genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Russian nouns are either animate or inanimate. Russian adjectives, pronouns and numerals decline too; they agree with nouns in gender, number and case.


An adjective is one of the parts of speech in Russian language. It denotes an attribute of an object and answers the question "what (kind of)", "whose". An adjective can be:
  • in the singular and the plural (it changes the ending in the plural)
  • in one of the 6 cases
  • in a short form
  • animate and inanimate
  • qualitative, relative and possessive
  • proper and common
The Russian adjective is most often a definition in a sentence, but it can be a predicate and a subject.


It is the case of a noun but not its position (as in English) indicates its function in a sentence.

Russian nouns decline, they inflect (change their form): the different endings are added to the steam of the word to indicate its function in a sentence. Sometimes even the root of the word may alter as well. Russian adjectives, pronouns and numerals decline too. Their endings change according to (they agree with) the gender and the case of the modifided nouns.

The case of a noun is often associated with the preposition and/or the verb that stands in front of it.