- 1 Nominative case (Именительный падеж) - "naming"
- 2 Genitive case (Родительный падеж) - "generations, relations"
- 3 Dative case (Дательный падеж) - "giving"
- 4 Accusative case (Винительный падеж) - "accusing someone or something"
- 5 Instrumental case (Творительный падеж) - "instrument, tool"
- 6 Prepositional / Locative case (Предложный падеж) - "position and/or preposition"
The nominative case is, in essence, the subject of the sentence. This case is also the form of the noun that you will find in the dictionary. The English word "nominative" comes from the Latin word for "name". The Russian word "именительный" comes from the root "имя", meaning "name".
The genitive case tells us where something originates from. It is used to express the same ideas that are expressed by "of", apostrophe + "s", and "from" in English. The English word "genitive" is related to the verb "generate". In Russian, "родить" means "to give birth to".
The dative case is used for the indirect object of the sentence. If you're not familiar with English grammar, the indirect object is the noun which receives the secondary action of the verb. For example, in the sentence "I gave the ball to the dog." the word "dog" is the indirect object. The dative case can generally be thought of as "at", "to", "towards", or "for" someone or something if it is used without a prepostion. The dative case can also be used to describe "along" or "on" something.
Accusative case (Винительный падеж) - "naming"]] The accusative case is used for the direct object of the sentence. If you're not familiar with English grammar, the direct object is the noun which receives the initial action of the verb. For example, in the sentence "I gave the ball to the dog." the word "ball" is the direct object.
The instrumental case tells us what we use to do something. It can often be associated with the English words "with" or "by", but sometimes doesn't require a preposition to be present. It is also used to show that one object is located a short distance from, or in the vicinity of, another object. It is also used with the prepositions "over" and "under".
The prepositional case, also known as the locative case, describes the location or position of a noun. It is often used with prepositions such as "on", "at", "in", "about", and others.
Print out the table containing all six Russian cases. The grammar tables should be regarded as for reference only.
This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total.
Pages in category ‘Russian cases’
The following 24 pages are in this category, out of 24 total.
- Template:Russian accusative case
- Russian cases
- Russian cases - Possessive pronouns - Nominative case
- Russian cases - Pronouns - Dative case
- Russian cases - Pronouns - Genitive case
- Russian cases - Pronouns - Prepositional case
- Russian cases with Maya
- Template:Russian dative case
- Template:Russian genitive case
- Template:Russian grammar - Adjectives - Nominative case
- Russian grammar - Pronouns - Accusative case
- Russian grammar - Pronouns - Nominative case
- Russian grammar book
- Russian language aerobics
- Russian language grammar
- Template:Russian nominative case
- Template:Russian prepositional case