Russian present tense

Some Russian words (or word constructions) govern other words in Russian sentences causing changes to their endings: Russian nouns, pronouns, adjectives and numerals decline and they also agree with each other in gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), number and case (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional). Russian adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, prepositions stay the same. Russian verbs conjugate and have only three tenses: present, past and future but majority have two verbs to express the same action. Russian imperative is not difficult but verbs of motion & position are.

Russian present tense can only be formed using the imperfective form of the verb. So to say I am speaking, you use the imperfective говорить, not the perfective сказать. So, to form the present tense, you simply take the imperfective aspect of the verb and add the appropriate endings.

Russians omit the verb Russian verb to be in the present tense: She is nice in Russian is Она симпатичная, with no word for is. A long hyphen or dash is used to equate two nouns together, where the word is or are is used in English: They are students is Они – студенты. Second, as discussed more in the page on the future tense, there are times when Russians use the present tense when English wouldn't, such as reporting a story.

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Russian in pictures 163.jpg

Media in category 'Russian present tense'

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