Russian verbs

Russian ns, prons, adjs & nums decline in gender: m, f, n; number: s, p & case: n, g, d, a, i, p. Adv, conj, interj, prep stay the same. Verbs: 3 ten, 2 asp; asp pairs are formed: via pref, suf & lex. Beware of verbs of position and motion!
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Russian verbs are the words that indicate what’s going on in a sentence, usually an action of some sort. Russian verbs have tree moods:

  1. Indicative: All tenses refer to the indicative mood. The verb in indicative mood expresses real action in the present, past or future.
  2. Imperative
  3. Conjunctive

Russian verbs can also form participles, adverbial participles, and reflexive verbs.

Russian verbs conjugate: change the Russian verb infinitive ending to indicate the tense, the person, the number, the mood and the gender. There are two major conjugation classes of verbs in Russian language:

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First conjugation[edit]

These Russian verbs usually end in -ать, читать (to read), to conjugate these verbs, remove the -ть, and add the appropriate ending.


Some Russian verbs with the infinitive ending -ить take the first conjugation endings: жить (to live), пить (to drink), лить (to pour), бить (to beat), брить (to shave), стелить (to lay), etc.

Second conjugation[edit]

Second conjugation verbs usually end in -ить. Remove the -ть and add the appropriate ending:


Russian verbs with the infinitive ending –еть take the second conjugation: видеть (to see), вертеть (to twirl), обидеть (to offend), зависеть (to depend), ненавидеть (to hate), терпеть (to tolerate), смотреть (to watch), etc.

Russian verbs with the infinitive ending -ать take the second conjugation endings: слышать (to hear), дышать (to breathe), держать (to keep), etc.


  • The third-person singular pronoun он, она, оно has three forms for each gender, there is still only one third-person singular form of a verb.
  • Russian verbs have an unusual quality such as verb aspect that you must learn before you stat learning more about special treatment groups of verbs such as verbs of position and verbs of motion.
  • Russian has two words for you: ты is used informally for a single person who you know well, and вы is used for groups of people, or for an individual person to whom you want to show respect.

Say whatever feels right to you to learn Russian[edit]

Don't worry what conjugation the Russian verb belongs to, say whatever comes first to your mind and then with time you will easily learn how to conjugate Russian verbs. Both these patterns are quite similar, the endings of these two conjugation classes are almost identical except for the initial vowel of all the endings, and once you get the hang of it, it is not too difficult. These two conjugations mostly differ in pronunciation on how they change in third person plural. You shouldn't pay too much attention to it, say whatever comes first to your mind. If you pronounce -y instead oft -a at the ending of the verb Russians will understand you, if you say учут instead of correct учат. Russians allow some variations of their vowels and they don't hear them as clear as English do.


This category has the following 180 subcategories, out of 180 total.




Media in category ‘Russian verbs’

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